Archives and special collections at Harvard support research by Harvard faculty and students, as well as an international community of scholars. An overview of guidelines and policies governing the use of material is provided on this page. For hours, directions, and other information about specific repositories, please check the individual repository websites.
A search in HOLLIS, Harvard’s online library catalog, is a good place to start looking for materials held by archives and special collections at Harvard.
HOLLIS searches a wide array of materials including finding aids for archives and special collections, images from visual collections, and enhanced tables of contents.
Use the “Refine” categories on the right side of the HOLLIS screen to limit search results to books, archives/manuscripts, images, or to a specific library.
Many HOLLIS records also contain links to more detailed inventories about the contents of collections – look for the <<More About This Collection>> link in HOLLIS records to find detailed information. Since collections vary in size from one volume to hundreds of boxes, this inventory, also called a finding aid, will help you narrow down the parts of the collection that are relevant to your research.
Harvard’s OASIS catalog is another way to search finding aids.
HOLLIS Classic can also be used to find books, manuscripts, and other material held by archives and special collections at Harvard. Use HOLLIS Classic for browsing lists of authors, titles, subjects, for searching/browsing call numbers, and for exact phrase searching.
Harvard’s VIA catalog is an online catalog of visual material that has been digitized from libraries, archives, museums, and other collections at the University. VIA contains descriptive records and images representing photographs, paintings, sculpture, drawings, prints, architecture, decorative arts, trade cards, rubbings, theater designs, maps and plans. New material is added to VIA daily.
Harvard librarians and archivists are available to provide collection overviews, instructions on how to locate material, suggestions for research strategy and management, and answers to basic research questions.
Contact information for reference staff at specific libraries can be found here [link to new list of Archives and Special Collections]
If you’re not sure what collection to consult, ask a librarian or request an appointment (link).
If you are unable to visit Harvard in person to conduct research, you may want to contact Harvard Research Services at Harvard Student Agencies to hire a student who can work as a proxy researcher. (Please note: the Harvard Library cannot attest to the quality of any particular researcher.)
Planning a Visit
Harvard’s archives and special collections are dedicated to balancing access to unique resources with the preservation of these materials for the future. To those ends, there are often procedures in place that researchers should be aware of before visiting a repository. General guidelines are noted below. Please contact the repository you plan to visit for more detailed information and specific policies regarding access and the use of collections. [link to new list of Archives and Special Collections]
- Archives and special collections stacks are closed to researchers and materials do not circulate beyond the repository reading room.
- Advance notice of a visit is usually recommended, and some repositories require appointments.
- The availability of materials may depend on storage location and access restrictions. Do not count on having material available without confirmation from reference staff.
- There may be limits on the amount of material that can be requested or used at any one time.
- Researchers should bring valid photo ID to complete the registration process.
- Personal property allowed in the reading room is limited, and subject to examination by reference staff.
- Pencils, notepaper, and laptop computers may be used for note taking. Pens and highlighters are not allowed.
- Food and drink, including gum and candy, may not be brought into the reading rooms.
- Procedures for copying and reproductions vary by repository. [link to the Reproductions & Permissions section].
- Some repositories allow the use of digital cameras in the reading room, with certain limitations.
Visitors to Harvard can find information about lodging and other local resources on the Harvard Travel Services website.
Handling Special Collections
Materials in archives and special collections come in a variety of formats with a range of handling needs. Researchers should always consult the individual repositories for specific handling requirements. By following the guidelines below you will help to ensure the long-term preservation of Harvard’s archives and special collections.
- Always handle archival and library materials with clean, dry hands.
- Handle materials carefully and turn pages gently.
- Use the library-supplied cradle or support with bound materials.
- Keep documents flat on the table and do not lift them up to read.
- Do not rest anything on the materials you are using. Special weights will be provided by the library to hold pages open.
- When consulting material sensitive to direct handling, such as photographs, you may be required to wear gloves supplied by the library.
- Do not rearrange folders within boxes, or items within folders. Ask the reference staff for help with any concerns about the material.
For further information on the care and handling of Archives & Special Collections see the following presentations:
Handling Harvard’s Special Collections (YouTube)
Reproductions and Permissions
Most archives and special collections at Harvard offer services for the reproduction of collection materials for reference use or for publication, usually at a fee, and depending upon condition of the items.
Some repositories allow the use of digital cameras in the reading room, with certain limitations.
Please contact the repository that holds the material in which you are interested for more detailed information about reproduction procedures and fees.
Be sure to check with the holding repository to find out if permission is required to publish images of collection materials, and for instructions on how such images should be cited.
It is the researcher’s responsibility to determine the copyright status of material for publication, and to obtain permission from the copyright holder when needed.
Primary sources are original materials created during a particular event or time period; some primary sources may be created later by participants or observers of an event. Sources include letters, diaries, journals, memoirs, and autobiographies, as well as newspaper articles and other published accounts. Primary sources also include institutional records, such as correspondence, meeting records, financial records, and administrative reports. Non-textual sources include photographs, maps, sound recordings, motion pictures, and three-dimensional artifacts. Formats range from bound volumes, loose manuscripts and typescripts, to audio-visual and electronic media.
Teaching with Primary Sources
Harvard’s archives and special collections offer a unique teaching and learning opportunity for faculty and students. The hands-on discovery of early printed editions or handwritten letters creates a powerful experience that can inspire students' work and lead to a nuanced view of history and its interpretation.
Librarians and archivists in most repositories are available to work with faculty to tailor sessions to meet the learning goals of their course, to offer instruction on the material during a visit, and to provide ongoing support to students for course assignments. Visits can range from brief one hour surveys of materials chosen by faculty to reflect course themes; to sessions in which library staff select material and prepare presentations; to semester-long classes that meet regularly at the repository, making weekly use of the collections for teaching.
Archives and special collections reading rooms, and the research process, can be overwhelming to students. Orientation and course sessions held at the repository serve the very important role of introducing students to primary source research in a comfortable environment surrounded by classmates’ familiar faces.
Since each repository has different requirements, faculty are encouraged to contact staff early to schedule sessions and to communicate learning goals for the course. A list of repositories and contact information can be found here [link to new list of Archives and Special Collections]